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Ganjam and Boudh (Village Offices Abolition) Act, 1969

Ganjam and Boudh (Village Offices Abolition) Act, 1969 (PDF)Orissa State

Ganjam and Boudh Village Offices Abolition Act 1969

The Ganjam and Boudh (Village Offices Abolition) Act, 1969

Orissa Act No. 1 of 1970


Published vide Orissa Gazette Extraordinary/22.1.1970.

For Statement of Objects and Reasons-see Orissa Gazette Extraordinary No. 1545/8.10.1969.

An Act to abolish certain village offices in the State of Orissa.

Whereas it is expedient in the public interest to abolish certain village offices in the districts of Ganjam and Boudh of the State of Orissa and to provide for matters incidental thereto in the manner hereinafter appearing;

It is hereby enacted by the Legislature of the State of Orissa in the Twentieth Year of the Republic of India, as follows :

  1. Short title, extent and commencement.– (1) This Act may be called the Ganjam and Boudh (Village Offices Abolition) Act, 1969.

(2) It extends to the Ganjam Agency areas and to the Baliguda Subdivision in the district of Boudh of the State of Orissa.

(3) It shall [come into force on such date] as the State Government may, by notification, appoint in that behalf.

Object & Reasons6


Statement of Objects and Reasons. – The Mutha Heads and their subordinate functionaries existing in the districts of Ganjam and Boudh are relics of the old and archaic system and have outlived their utility in the changed set-up of administration. It is a well-established policy to abolish all such out-moded hereditary village offices and to introduce normal administration in the said areas.

The Bill seeks to achieve the above object.

  1. Definitions.– ln this Act unless the context otherwise requires-

(a) “appointed date” in relation to any village office means the date appointed in respect of such office by a notification under Sub-section (1) of Section 3;

(b) “Collector” includes any officer, not being below the rank of an Additional District Magistrate appointed by the State Government to perform all or any of the functions of a Collector under this Act;

(c) “emolument” in relation to any village office means salary, cash payment, commission, sanja or cist mamool, use or enjoyment of lands held and all kinds of privileges and benefits in respect of or annexed to such office in lieu of remuneration for the performance of the duty appertaining thereto and includes right to fees or perquisites in money or in kind, whether at fixed times or otherwise as incidental to such; office ;

(d) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act; and

(e) “village office” shall mean the office shown in the Schedule.

  1. Abolition of village offices and consequences thereof.– (1) The State Government may, from time to time by notification, declare the village offices specified therein to have been abolished with effect from such date as may be appointed thereunder.

(2) Notwithstanding anything in any law, usage, settlement, grant, sanad or order or in any judgement, decree or order of a Court, with effect from and on the appointed date-

(a) all the incidents of the service tenures relating to such offices shall be deemed to have been extinguished;

(b) all settlements, stands and all grants in pursuance of which such tenures were being held immediately before the appointed date shall be deemed to have been cancelled;

(c) the rights of the holders of such offices to receive any emoluments shall be deemed to have been terminated;

(d) all rights to hold office and any liability to render service appertaining to such office shall stand extinguished;

(e) all lands held as emolument in respect of such offices shall stand resumed and vested absolutely in the State Government free from all encumbrances ; and

(f) the holders of such offices shall cease to have the right to hold all other lands which they would not have continued to hold except by virtue of or as incidental to his office.

  1. Collector to decide, if a person is the holder of a village office.– (1) If any question arises as to whether a person was immediately before the appointed date the holder of any village office the Collector shall after giving the person affected an opportunity of being heard and after holding an enquiry decide the question.

(2) Any person aggrieved by the decision of the Collector under Subsection (1) may within thirty days of such decision prefer an appeal to the Board of Revenue.

  1. Settlement of lands.– All lands resumed under the provisions of this Act shall be settled with rights of occupancy therein on a fair and equitable rent with the holder of the village office or with him and all those other persons, if any who may be in the enjoyment of the land or any part thereof as his co-sharers or as tenants under such co-sharer to the extent that each such person was in separate and actual cultivating possession of the same immediately before the appointed date.
  2. Employment of certain village office in State services, and payment of solatium.– The Village Officer shall, on abolition of the office, if there are no lands to be settled with him, be paid by way of solatium a lump sum grant equivalent to rupees fifty for every completed year of service :

Provided that no such solatium shall be payable, if such officer on his application has been appointed before the expiry of a period of six months from the appointed date to any suitable post under the State Government in accordance with such rules as may be prescribed.

  1. Submission of records and delivery of possession of land.– (1) It shall be the duty of every holder of a village office in the prescribed manner-

(a) to deliver all records maintained by him before the appointed date in respect of the land or village held by him in relation to his Office; and

(b) to render all accounts appertaining to his office in respect of dues payable by and to him.

(2) Whoever without sufficient cause fails to comply with the provisions of any of the clauses of Sub-section (1) within thirty days from the date of service of a notice in that behalf or such further period as the Collector may allow, shall be punishable on conviction with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees and in the case of continuing failure, with an additional fine which may extend to ten rupees for every day during which such failure continues after the conviction for the first such failure.

(3) The Collector may for the purpose of recovering the record specified in Clause (a) of Sub-section (1) issue a search warrant and exercise all such powers with respect thereto as may be lawfully exercised by a Magistrate under Chapter VII of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1896 (5 of 1899).

  1. Determination of question if the abolition amounts to acquisition.– (1) If any person is aggrieved by the provisions of this Act on the ground that it provides for the acquisition of property by the State, such person may apply within a period of three months from the appointed date to the Collector for the determination of the question and the compensation, if any, payable in respect thereof.

(2) The Collector shall after holding an enquiry and giving all parties interested an opportunity of being heard determine the right to and the amount of such compensation, if any, as may be payable, so far as may be in accordance with the provisions of Sub-section (1) of Section 23 and Section 24 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894) :

Provided that in determining the compensation the Collector shall take into account the value of the interest acquired by such person as a result of the settlement of land, if any, in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.

(3) Any amount paid as compensation in respect of any land settled under Section 5 with any person other than the holder of the village office shall be realised by the State Government from such person and all such amounts shall be recoverable as arrears of land revenue.

(4) Any person aggrieved by the decision of the Collector under Sub-section (2) may, within thirty days of such decision, prefer an appeal to the Board of Revenue.

  1. Settlement to be free of premium-in giving effect to the provisions of Section 5 no premium shall be charged for the settlement of lands and the rent, if any, assessed and in force immediately before the appointed date shall, in the absence of any proof to the contrary, be deemed to be the fair and equitable rent.
  2. Procedure to be followed in proceedings.– The State Government may, by rules made in that behalf, specify either generally or in relation to any particular area the time within which, the authorities by whom and the manner in which proceedings in respect of matters under Section 5 including matters preliminary, incidental or ancillary thereto shall be commenced, heard and disposed of.
  3. Appeal.– (1) Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act any person aggrieved by any order passed under this Act or the rules made thereunder, may prefer an appeal within thirty days from the date of the order before the Collector, and if the original order is passed by the Collector, before the Board of Revenue.

(2) Any person aggrieved by an order passed in appeal not being an appeal before the Board of Revenue, may, within thirty days from the date of the Order, prefer an appeal both on questions of fact and law before the Board of Revenue, who may after calling for the records and giving the parties an opportunity of being heard pass such orders confirming, modifying or reversing the order in question according as the Board deems proper.

(3) Any person aggrieved by an order passed by the Board of Revenue in an appeal under Sub-section (4) of Section 8 may within sixty days from the date of such order, file an appeal before the High Court.

  1. Finality of orders.– All orders passed under this Act shall, subject to the decision passed in an appeal, if any, be final.
  2. Application of Limitation Act, 1963.– The provisions of Sections 4, 5, 12 and 14 of the Limitation Act, 1963 (36 of 1963) shall be applicable to the filing of appeals under this Act.
  3. Authorities to exercise certain powers of Civil Court.– (1) The Collector, Board of Revenue and the other authorities specified under Sections 10 and 11 shall, for the purposes of this Act, have the same powers as are vested in a Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) when trying a suit in respect of –

(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath;

(b) requiring the discovery and production of documents;

(c) receiving evidence on affidavit ; and

(d) such other matters as may be prescribed.

(2) All enquiries and proceedings before the aforesaid authorities under this Act shall be deemed to be judicial proceedings within the meaning of Sections 193, 219 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

  1. Power to make rules.– (1) The State Government may, after previous publication, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules-may provide for-

(a) the procedure to be followed by the Collector, the Board of Revenue and other authorities while proceeding under any of the provisions of this Act;

(b) the qualifications and other conditions for the appointment of the holders of village offices in suitable posts under Government; and

(c) all other matters which under the provisions of this Act are, required to be or may be prescribed.

(3) All rules made under this Act shall, as soon as may be after they are made, be laid before the State Legislature for a total period of fourteen days which may be comprised in one or more sessions and if during the said period the State Legislature makes modification, if any, therein the rules shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form, so however that such modification shall, be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under the rules.


[See Section 2 (a)]

Ganjam Agency Areas

  1. Mutha Head
  2. Sub-Mutha Head
  3. Bisoyee
  4. Patro
  5. Sub-Patro
  6. Hodadar
  7. Samesthan Paik
  8. Paik
  9. Peshinia
  10. Behera Dolai
  11. Bodo Behera Dolai
  12. Sano Behera Dolai
  13. Dandasena
  14. Bodo Dandasena
  15. Sano Dandasena
  16. Maio Dandasena
  17. Padhani
  18. Bodo Padhani
  19. Seno Padhani
  20. Maio Padhani
  21. Bada Kumaro
  22. Bodo Bodo Kumaro
  23. Sano Bodo Kumaro
  24. Bodo Naik
  25. Bodo Bodo Naik
  26. Sano Bodo Naik
  27. Ghadei
  28. Ghodia Patro
  29. Khotha Dalai
  30. Bodo Dalai
  31. Data Behera
  32. Dalapati
  33. Dharmo Dalapati
  34. Sano Dalapati
  35. Maio Dalapati
  36. Rauto
  37. Majhi
  38. Bodo Majhi
  39. Sana Majhi
  40. Maharathy
  41. Pradhan
  42. Dora
  43. Bodo Bissoyee
  44. Sano Bissoyee
  45. Dhangada Bissoyee
  46. Maio Bissoyee
  47. Sirdar
  48. Sirdar PFadhan
  49. Jagat Singi
  50. Uttam Singi
  51. Patta Singi
  52. Gajendra
  53. Sundarai
  54. Ranohati
  55. Ranojiti
  56. Arisailya
  57. Bairisailya
  58. Pharsia
  59. Karji
  60. Karanam
  61. Dalai
  62. Sano Ghadai
  63. Adhikari
  64. Head Naik
  65. Naik

Boudh District

  1. Mutha Head
  2. Sub-Mutha Head
  3. Patro
  4. Sub-Patro
  5. Paik
  6. Karanam
  7. Chatia
  8. Karii
  9. Mailika
  10. Padra
  11. Majhi
  12. Bebhari
  13. Peshinia
  14. Desipatra
  15. Dalabehera
  16. Kotodalai
  17. Naik
  18. Goditory
  19. Dandias
  20. Sub-Bissoyee
  21. Bissoyee
  22. Digal
  23. Dalapati
  24. Samasthanpaik
  25. Muthamallik
  26. Dakua
  27. Pradhan
  28. Kohar
  29. Godatiya
  30. Mutha Adhikari
  31. Dandasena
  32. Badamajhi
  33. Cehera Dalai
  34. Rauto.
  35. Dalai
  36. Bodo Naik
  37. Kabat Majhi
  38. Pato Majhi
  39. Mutha Majhi
  40. Singi
  41. Sitiia
  42. Bindhani
  43. Gauntia
  44. Badhei
  45. Bodo Kumbhar
  46. Barik
  47. Sani
  48. Badhaik
  49. Sudhi Mallik
  50. Sudhiholder Mallik
  51. Assistant Mutha Head
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