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Law Schools and Colleges in India

Law Schools and Colleges in India

In India, Legal Education has been traditionally offered as a three years graduate degree. However the structure has been changed since 1987.

Law degrees in India are granted and conferred in terms of the Advocates Act, 1961, which is a law passed by the Parliament both on the aspect of Legal Education and also regulation of conduct of Legal profession.

Under the Act, the Bar Council of India is the supreme regulatory body to regulate the Legal profession in India and also to ensure the compliance of the laws and maintenance of professional standards by the legal profession in the country.

In this regard, the Bar Council of India prescribes the minimum curriculum required to be taught in order for an institution to be eligible for the grant of a law degree. The Bar Council also carries on a period supervision of the institutions conferring the degree and evaluates their teaching methodology and curriculum and having determined that the institution meets the required standards, recognizes the institution and the degree conferred by it.

Traditionally the degrees that were conferred carried the title of LL.B. (Bachelor of Laws) or B.L. (Bachelor of Law). The eligibility requirement for these degrees was that the applicant already have a Bachelor’s degree in any subject from a recognized institution. Thereafter the LL.B. / B.L. course was for three years, upon the successful completion of which the applicant was granted either degree.

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