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Bombay Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1912

Bombay Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1912

The Bombay Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1912

Bombay Act No. 7 of 1912

MH259

[27th June, 1912]
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 6

An Act for the abatement of nuisances arising from the smoke of furnaces in the [Greater Bombay] and to provide for the extension thereof to other areas in the [State of Maharashtra].

Wheres it is expedient to enact a law for the abatement of nuisances arising from the smoke of furnaces in the [Greater Bombay] and to provide for the extension thereof to other areas in the [State of Maharashtra]; It is hereby enacted as follows:-

  1. Short title and extent.– (1) This Act may be called the Bombay Smoke-nuisances Act, 1912.

(2) It extends in the first instance to [the Greater Bombay].

  1. Power further to extend Act.– (1) [The [State]Government] may, by notification published in the[Official Gazette] and in such other manner as [the [State] Government] may determine, declare its intention to extend this Act to any specified area in [ [any part of the State of Maharashtra] other than] the [Greater Bombay]:

Provided that if a military Cantonment is situated within any area to which it is proposed to extend this Act, no notification shall be published under this sub-section in respect of such area without the previous sanction of the [Central Government].

(2) Any inhabitant of an area to which it is proposed to extend this Act may, if be objects to such extension, submit his objection in writing to [the [State] Government] within a period of three months from the publication of the said notification in the [Official Gazette].

(3) At any time after the expiration of the said period, and after considering the objections, if any, submitted under sub-section (2), [the [State] Government] may, by notification in the [Official Gazette]extend this Act to the said area.

  1. Definitions.– In this Act-

(1) “furnace” means any furnace or fire-place used-

(a) for working engines by steam, or

(b) for any other purpose whatsoever:

Provided that no furnace or fire-place-

(i) used for the burning of the dead;

(ii) used in a private house for domestic purposes other than the purpose specified in clause (a);

[* * * * *]

shall be deemed to be a furnace or fire-place within the meaning of this Act;

[(1A) “flue” or “chimney” means any “flue” or “chimney” joined to, connected with or forming part of a furnace;]

(2) “Inspector” means a Chief Inspector of Smoke-nuisances, or an Assistant Inspector of Smoke-nuisances, appointed under this Act;

(3) “the Commission” means the [Maharashtra Smoke-nuisances Commission] constituted under this Act;

(4) “occupier” means any person for the time being paying, or liable to pay, to the owner the rent or any portion of the rent of the land or building in respect of which the word is used;

(5) “owner”-

(a) when used in reference to a furnace, [flue or chimney], includes any agent or lessee using the furnace, [flue or chimney], and any foreman or other person superintending the working of the furnace, [flue or chimney];

(b) when used in reference to any premises, has the meaning assigned to it in section 3 of the City of Bombay Municipal Act, 1888; and

(6) “Magistrate” means a Presidency Magistrate, a Magistrate of the first class, or a Bench of Magistrates exercising first class powers under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898.

  1. Constitution of Commission.– [(1) The State Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute a Commission to be called the [Maharashtra Smoke-Nuisances Commission]to supervise and control the working of this Act.]

(2) The said Commission shall consist of a President nominated by [the [State] Government] and so many other members as [the [State] Government] may determine.

(3) One-half of the members (exclusive of the President) shall be nominated by [the [State]Government]; and the remainder shall be elected, in such manner and for such period as [the [State]Government] may direct, by bodies or associations whose interests are likely to be affected by this Act; and the appointment of all members, whether nominated or elected, shall be notified in the[Official Gazette].

(4) Where a casual vacancy occurs in the case of a nominated member [the [State] Government] shall make a fresh nomination, and where a casual vacancy occurs in the case of an elected member the election shall be made by the same body or association as that which elected the member whose place is to be filled; and a member so nominated or elected shall hold office so long as the member whose place he fills would have been entitled to hold office had the vacancy not occurred.

(5) No act done by the Commission shall be questioned on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in or any defect in the constitution of the Commission.

  1. Appointments of Inspectors.– (1) [The [State]Government] may, by notification in the [Official Gazette], appoint a Chief Inspector of Smoke-nuisance and so many Assistant Inspectors of Smoke-nuisances as they may think fit.

(2) Every Assistant Inspector appointed under sub-section (1) shall be subordinate of the Chief Inspector, and all Inspectors shall be subordinate to, and subject to the control of, the Commission.

  1. Inspectors to be public servants.– Every Inspector appointed under this Act shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the [Indian Penal Code.]
  2. Power to prohibit the erection of kilns or furnaces, or the manufacture of Coke, in specified areas; and to inflict penalties.– (1) [The [State]Government] may, by notification in the [Official Gazette], prohibit [either absolutely or subject to such conditions and within such area as may be specified in the notification,]

(a) the erection of brick, tile or lime kilns,

(b) [the erection or re-erection of, or addition to, or alternation in,] furnaces to be used for the caloining or smelting of ores or minerals, or for the casting pudding or rolling of iron or other metals or for the conversion of pig-iron into wrought iron, or

(c) the manufacturer of coke in ovens or with special appliances, or

(d) the making of coke without ovens or special appliances:

Provided that where, prior to the issue of such notification, a licence has been granted by the Municipal Commissioner under the provisions of section 394 of the City of Bombay Municipal Act, 1888, for the erection of a furnace to be used for any of the purposes mentioned in clauses (a) and (b), notification shall not affect [such furnace so long as it is not re-erected, or any alteration or addition is not made thereto.]

(2) [If any furnace be erected, re-erected, altered or added to any kiln be erected] in contravention of any notification issued under sub-section (1), clause (a) or (b) the owner thereof shall be liable to fine which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees.

(3) If any person manufacturer, coke in contravention of any notification issued under sub-section (1), clause (c) he shall be liable to fine which may extend on first conviction to two hundred and fifty rupees, and on any subsequent conviction to five hundred rupees.

(4) If any person makes coke in contravention of any notification of any notification issued under sub-section (1), clause (d), he shall be liable to fine which may extend on first conviction to twenty-five rupees, and on any subsequent conviction to fifty rupees.

(5) If any coke is made in any building or place in contravention of a notification issued under sub-section (1), clause (d), the owner or occupier of such building or place shall be liable to fine which may extend in first contravention to twenty-five rupees, and on any subsequent conviction to fifty rupees.

(6) Where any coal is in process of being made or has been made into coke in contravention of a notification issued under sub-section (1), clause (d), an Inspector may seize such coal or coke, and report the seizure to a Magistrate who may, after such enquiry as he thinks necessary, order such coke or coal to be confiscated, and to be sold in accordance with rules to be made by [the [State]Government] in this behalf under section 11.

  1. Power to order demolition of kilns or furnaces unlawfully erected.– (1) A Magistrate imposing a fine on any person under sub-section (2) of section 7 may by order direct such person to demolish the kiln or furnace within a period to be specified in the order.

(2) Any such person failing to demolish any kiln or furnace within the period prescribed in any such order, or within such longer period as the Magistrate may, for reasons to be stated, allow, shall be liable to fine which may extend to twenty rupees for every day thereafter during which such failure continues.

  1. Penalty for excessive mission of smoke.– (1) If smoke be emitted from any furnace in greater density, or at a lower altitude, or for a longer time, than is permitted by rules made under this Act, the owner of the furnace shall be liable to fine which may extend [on first conviction to two hundred and fifty rupees, and in any subsequent conviction to five hundred rupees.]

(2) Sub-section (1) shall not apply to any furnace which is used-

(a) in connection with a brick, tile or lime kiln or

(b) for the purpose mentioned in clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 7.

[9A. No furnace etc., to be erected etc., or used except with approval with approval or permission of Commission. – (1) (a) No furnace, flue or chimney shall be erected, altered, added to or re-erected except in accordance with plans and for the purposes approved by the Commission.

(b) No furnace, flue or chimney erected, altered, added to or re-erected otherwise than in accordance with the plans approved by the Commission shall be used for any purpose except with the permission of the Commission and in accordance with the terms and conditions subject to which such permission may be granted.

(c) No furnace, flue or chimney erected, altered, added to or re-erected in accordance with the plans and for the purpose approved by the Commission shall be used for any other except with the fresh approval of the Commission.

(2) If any furnace, flue or chimney is erected, altered, added to or re-erected in contravention of the provision of clause (a), or is used in contravention of the provision of clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (1), as the case may be, the owner of such furnace, flue or chimney shall, on conviction, be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees and in the case of a continuing contravention of the said clause (b) or clause (c) with an additional fine which may extend to twenty rupees for every day during which such contravention continues after conviction for the first such contravention.]

[9B. Power to order demolition of furnace, flue or chimney unlawfully erected. – (1) A Magistrate imposing a fine on any person under sub-section (2) of section 9A may, by order direct such person to demolish the furnace, flue or chimney within a period to be specified in the order.

(2) Any such person failing to demolish any furnace, flue or chimney within the period specified in the order, or within such longer period as the Magistrate may, for reason to be stated, allow, shall be liable to fine which may extend to twenty rupees for every day thereafter during which such failure continues.]

  1. Powers of Inspectors.– (1) Any Inspector may, after giving reasonable notice in writing to the owner, manager, engineer or person in charge-

(a) enter and inspect, during working hours any building or place which contains furnace [flue or chimney], and inspect such furnace, [flue or chimney];

(b) under the written authority of the Commission, use and test any appliance used for preventing the emission of smoke from such furnace, [flue or chimney] and

(c) under the written authority of the Commission, direct that any such furnace [flue or chimney]be worked [**] experimentally, during his visit to such building or place in any manner which he may consider suitable for preventing or reducing the emission of smoke, but not so as to interfere with the business carried on in such building or place further than is necessary for the purposes of the experiment.

(2) If any owner of a furnace, [Flue or chimney] in respect of which a direction is given under clause (c) of sub-section (1) fails to secure compliance with such direction, he shall be liable to fine which may extend to one hundred rupees:

Provided that where any Inspector has reason to believe that any offence under sub-section (2), (3) or (4) of section 7 has been or is being committed on any premises it shall be lawful for him to enter on such premises without previous notice and without written authority from the Commission.

  1. Rules.– (1) [The [State]Government] may, [* * * *] after previous publication make rules to carry out the objects of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of sub-section (1), such rules may-

(a) regulate the transaction of business by the Commission;

(b) prescribe the powers and duties to be exercised and performed by the Commission and by Inspectors, respectively, and regulate the exercise and performance of those powers and duties;

(c) prescribe a scale for the purpose of determining the density of smoke;

(d) prescribe the degree of density of smoke that may be emitted from a furnace;

(e) prescribe the time during which smoke of such density may be emitted from a furnace;

(f) prescribe the altitude below which smoke may not be emitted from furnace;

[****]

(h) prescribe a procedure for the giving of warning to offenders before instituting a prosecution under this Act, and declare the minimum period which should be allowed to elapse in different classes of cases between the giving of such warning and the institution of a prosecution;

[(hh) prescribe the procedure regarding the submission and approval of plan under sub-section (1) of section 9A;]

(i) fix the amount of fee payable to each or any member of the Commission attending a meeting of the Commission; and

(j) prescribe a procedure for the sale and disposal of the receipts of the sales of coke or coal confiscated under sub-section (6) of section 7.

(3) The date to be specified in accordance with clause (c) of section 24 of the Bombay General Clauses Act, 1904, as that after which a draft of rules proposed to be made under this section will be taken into consideration, shall not be less than three months from the date on which the draft of the proposed rules was published for general information.

(4) Any rule to be made under this Act shall, before it is published for criticism under sub-section (1), be referred to the Commission constituted under section 4, and the rule shall not be so published until the said Commission has reported as to the expediency of making the proposed rule and as to the suitability of its provisions.

[(5) All rules made under this section shall be laid for not less than thirty days before each House of the State Legislature as soon as may be after they are made, and shall be subject to such modifications as the State Legislature may make, during the session in which they are so laid or the session immediately following and publish in the Official Gazette.]
  1. Cognizance of offences.– A Magistrate may the cognizance of an offence against this Act only –

(a) upon a complaint [made by an Officer specially empowered by the State Government in this behalf, or by an Inspector, with in each case the previous sanction] [**] of the Commission or of a sub-committee appointed by the Commission], and

[(b) within a period of three months from the date on which the alleged commission of the offence came to the knowledge of the Inspector.]

[12A. Exercise of the powers of the Commission by the President or any member authorized by the President. – (1) The President of the Commission or in the event of the illness or absence of the President from Bombay any member of the Commission authorised in writing by the President in this behalf may exercise the powers of the Commission under sections 9A, 10 and 12.

(2) The President or member authorized under sub-section (1) shall report to the Commission before its next ordinary meeting any action taken by him in the exercise of the powers under section 9A, 10 or 12.]

  1. [Disposal of fines.]– Omitted by the Adaptation of Indian Laws Order in Council.

Notifications

G.N., D.D., No. 222/48, dated 11th November, 1953 (B.G., Part IV-B, page 2279) – In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 1 of the Bombay Smoke-Nuisances (Amendment) Act 1953 (Bombay LV of 1953), the Government of Bombay is pleased to appoint the 12th November 1953 as the date on which the said Act shall come into force.

G.N., I. & L.D., No. BSN. 1057-Lab-III, dated 7th January, 1963 (M.G., Part I-L, page 189) – Whereas by Government Notification in the Industries arid Labour Department, No. BSN. 1057-Lab-III, dated the 11th April 1962, the Government of Maharashtra declared its intention to extend the Bombay Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1912 (Bombay VII of 1912), to the areas included within the limits of the City of Nagpur; and invited objections to such extension;

And whereas no objections have been received;

Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 2 of the Bombay Smoke-nuisances Act, 1912 (Bombay VII of 1912), the Government of Maharashtra with effect from the 1st day of February 1963 hereby extend the said Act to the areas included within the limits of the City of Nagpur.

G.N., I. & L.D., No. BSN 1370/160234-Lab-III, dated 22nd February, 197 (M.G., Part I-L. page 1596) – In exercise of the powers conferred by section 4 of the Bombay Smoke-nuisances Act, 1912 (Bombay VII of 1912), and of all other powers enabling it in this behalf, the Government of Maharashtra hereby constitutes a Commission to be called the Maharashtra Smoke-nuisances Commission to supervise and control the working of the Act.

  1. The Commission shall consist of the President and 16 other members.
  2. The appointment of the following members, nominated or elected, is notified as required by sub-section (3) of that section:-

President

The Commissioner of Labour and Director of Employment, Bombay

Members nominated by Government

  1. The Executive Engineer, Presidency Division, Bombay.
  2. The Chief Inspector of Factories, Maharashtra State, Bombay.
  3. The City Engineer, Greater Bombay Municipal Corporation, Bombay.
  4. Shri F. Viegas, Additional Chief Mechanical Engineer, Bombay Port Trust, Bombay.
  5. The Collector of Nagpur City, Nagpur.
  6. Shri Vithalrao Asanna Ankalwar, Nagpur Municipal Corporation, Nagpur.
  7. The Collector of Sholpur, Sholapur.
  8. Shri P. S. Kothawale, Public Health Engineer, Sholapur Municipal Corporation, Sholapur.

Members elected by Private Associations

  1. Shri K. G. Parikh, Chief Engineer, Khatau Makanji Spinning and Weaving Mills, Bombay, elected by the Millowners Association, Bombay.
  2. Shri S. H. Commissariat, elected by the Engineering Association of India, Bombay.
  3. Shri F. A Jasdhanwalla, elected by the Indian Engineering Association, Bombay.
  4. Shri A. S. Rajamani, Chief Engineer, Empress Mills, Nagpur, elected by Millowners of Sholapur.
  5. Shri S. P. Chitre, General Manager, Laxmi-Vishnu Cotton Mills, Sholapur, elected by Millowners of Sholapur.
  6. Kum. E. D’Souza, elected by Indian National Trade Union Congress, Maharashtra Branch.
  7. Shri N. N. Mudgal, elected by Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh, Nagpur.
  8. Shri A. B. Killedar, elected by the Committee of Administration, Rashtriya Girni Kamgar Sangh, Sholapu.
  9. The elected members shall hold office for a period of two years commencing on the date of the first meeting of the Commission.
  10. N., I.E. & L.D., No. BSN. 1382/CR-335/LAB-9 dated 4th June, 198 (M.G., Part I-L, page 4862)– In exercise of the powers conferred by section 4 of the Bombay Smoke-Nuisances Act, 1912 (Bombay VII of 1912), and in supersession of all the previous notifications issued in this behalf, the Government of Maharashtra hereby:-

(a) constitutes a Commission to be collect the Maharashtra Smoke-Nuisances Commission (hereinafter referred to as ‘the said Commission’) to supervise and control the working of the said Act consisting of a President and twenty-six other members.

(b) nominates Shri P.J. Ovid, Commissioner of Labour, Bombay to be the President of the said Commission.

(c) notifies the appointment of the following persons as members, whether nominated or elected, of the said Commission, namely:-

Members nominated by Government

  1. Shri V. N. Kholkute, Chief Inspector of Factories, Maharashtra State, Commerce Centre, Tardeo, Bombay 400 034.
  2. Shri Vijay Kumar Ramchandra Damle, Deputy City Engineer (Air Pollution and Projects), Bombay Municipal Corporation, Bombay 400 001.
  3. Shri John Menezes, Additional Chief Mechanical Engineer, Bombay Port Trust, Nariman Bhavan, 5th Floor, Mazgoan, Bombay 400 010.

 

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