8th June, 1908
An Act for the prevention of incitements to murder and to other offences in newspapers. Whereas it is expedient to make better provision for the prevention of incitements to murder and to other offices in newspapers; It is hereby enacted as follows:-
(1) This Act may be called the Newspapers (Incitement to Offences) Act, 1908.
(2) It extends to the whole of British India.
(1) In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-
(a) “Magistrate” means a District Magistrate or Chief Presidency Magistrate:
(b) “Newspapers” means any periodical work containing public news or comments on public news :
(c) “printing press” includes all engines, machinery, types lithographic stones, implements, utensils and other plant or materials used for the purpose of printing.
(2) Save as herein otherwise provided all words and expressions in this Act shall have the same meanings as those respectively assigned to them in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898) –
(1) In cases where, upon application made by order of or under authority from the Local Government, a Magistrate is of opinion that a newspaper printed and published within the Province contains any incitement to murder or to any offence under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908 (VI of 1908), or to any act of violence, such Magistrate may make a conditional order declaring the printing press used, or intended to be used, for the purpose of printing or publishing such newspaper, or found in or upon the premises where such newspaper is, or at the time of the printing of the matter complained of was, printed and all copies of such newspaper, wherever found, to be forfeited to His Majesty, and shall in such order state the material facts and call on all persons concerned to appear before him, at a tune and place to be fixed by the order, to show cause why the order should not be made absolute.
(2) A copy of such order shall be fixed on some conspicuous part of the premises specified in the declaration made in the respect of such newspaper under section 5 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 (25 of 1867), or of any other premises in which such newspaper is printed, and the affixing of such copy shall be deemed to be due service of the said order on all persons concerned.
(3) In cases of emergency or in cases where the purpose of the application might be defeated by delay the Magistrate may, on or after the making of a conditional order under sub-section (1), make a further order ex parte for the attachment of the printing press or other property referred to in the conditional order.
(4) If any person concerned appears and shows cause against the conditional order, the Magistrate shall take evidence, whether in support of or in opposition to such order, in manner provided in section 356 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898-.
(5) If the Magistrate is satisfied that the newspaper contains matter of the nature specified in sub-section (1), he shall make the conditional order of forfeiture absolute in respect of such property as he may find to be within the terms of the said sub-section.
(6) If the Magistrate is not so satisfied, he shall set aside the conditional order of forfeiture and the order of attachment, if any.
(1) The Magistrate may by warrant empower any Police-officer not below the rank of Sub-Inspector to seize and detain any property ordered to be attached under section 3-, sub-section (3), or to seize and carry away any property ordered to be attached under section 3-, sub-section (3), or to seize and carry away any property ordered to be forfeited under section 3-, sub-section (5), wherever found and to enter upon and search for such property in any premises-
(a) where the newspaper specified in such warrant is printed or published, or
(b) where any such property may be or may be reasonably suspected to be, or
(c) where any copy of such newspaper is kept for sale, distribution, publication or public exhibition or reasonably suspected to be so kept.
(2) Every warrant issued under sub-section (1) so far as it relates to a search shall be executed in manner provided for the execution of search warrants by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)-.
-Any person concerned who has appeared and shown cause against a conditional order of forfeiture may appeal to the High Court within fifteen days from the date when such order is made absolute.
–Save as provided in section 5-, no order duly made by a Magistrate under section 3-, shall be called in question in any Court.
— Where an order of forfeiture has been made absolute in relation to any newspaper the Local Government may, by notification in the local official Gazette, annul any declaration made by the printer or publisher of such newspaper under the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 (XXV of 1867), and may by such notification prohibit any further declaration being made or subscribed under the said Act in respect of the said newspaper, or of any newspaper which is the same in substance as the said newspaper, until such prohibition be withdrawn.
-Any person who prints or publishes any newspaper specified in any prohibition notified under section 7-during the continuance of that prohibition shall be liable, on conviction, to the penalties prescribed by section 15 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 (25 of 1867)
-All proceedings under this Act shall be conducted so far as may be in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)-
-No proceedings taken under this Act shall operate to prevent any person from being prosecuted for any act which constitutes an offence under any other law.